Emmett MacDonald Papers

Emmett MacDonald
Image courtesy of the Civil War Museum at Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield.

Emmett MacDonald, born in Ohio, came to St. Louis around 1851. He joined the St. Louis City Guards, and participated in the 1860 Southwest Expedition to expel Kansas Jayhawkers from Missouri. MacDonald was one of the 669 militia men training at Camp Jackson and captured by Nathaniel Lyon. MacDonald was the only soldier that refused to take an oath of allegiance to the United States and imprisoned. He wrote this letter to his sister during his incarceration. Eventually, MacDonald was released and he joined the Missouri State Guard. He participated in the Battles of Carthage, Wilson’s Creek, Dry Wood, Lexington, Pea Ridge, Prairie Grove, Springfield, and was killed at the Battle of Hartville in 1863.

Contributed by Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield

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